Fitness New Zealand Road Code Pdf


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Welcome to The official New Zealand road code online New Zealand road code is a user-friendly guide to New Zealand's traffic law and safe. you do this, here is the most important information from the Road Code. keep left. In New Zealand, traffic travels on the left-hand side of the road. If your speed is. The Official New Zealand Road Code - Licence and Study Guide - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for.

New Zealand Road Code Pdf

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The Official New Zealand Road Code - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx) , PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The New Zealand Road Code is the official road safety manual for New Zealand published by . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Is [this]( parameters and calibre conversion of flattened HTML to PDF will get.

Driving basics II Intro to intersections and giving way Roundabouts and hazards Complex intersections and managing traffic Roadworks and passing High speed and long drives Conditions and distractions When things go wrong The basics of safety Your car Start practice test Complete all 12 Road Code chapters to unlock the pratice learner's test.

Start practice test. Start tough word tester. When you see a roadworks sign, always slow down and be ready to stop. Obey the signs If there are roadworks on the road ahead, it will always be clearly signposted. Slow down and read the signs. They will prepare you for the particular hazards you are about to face. Two of the signs commonly used to indicate roadworks are shown below.

Because it can be dangerous to drive through roadworks or on new seal, temporary speed limit signs are often posted. You must drive at or below the speed shown on the temporary speed limit sign. Obey any directions given Road repair crews may sometimes need to stop traffic.

Follow all directions given to you, otherwise you could be involved in a serious crash. Important Crashes can happen when drivers ignore roadworks warning signs and temporary speed limits. Don't take these warnings lightly.

You don't know what's ahead, so slow down and take care. Detour signs When a road is being maintained or is closed you may see detour signs which offer you an alternative way around the road block. You should follow the direction signs and expect to see them when approaching and leaving intersections.

Take note of the shape and colour of the symbol on detour signage as one detour may pass through another. Lane change signs When roads or lanes are being maintained, an attenuator truck with message board on it is often used. Its purpose is to direct traffic to an open lane in advance of roadworks. Slow down and obey the arrow. Sunstrike Sunstrike can occur at any time during the day, but is most likely during sunrise or sunset, when the suns rays hit your windscreen at a low angle.

Learn the NZ Road Code

To avoid a crash, follow the guidelines shown below. Reducing the danger of sunstrike Be prepared for possible sunstrike when driving at sunrise or sunset, especially when turning or driving towards the sun.

Be especially careful in winter, when sunstrike is more likely to occur because the sun is lower in the sky. Keep your windscreen clean, inside and out. Dust and grime on the windscreen can make the effects of sunstrike much worse.

Wear sunglasses when driving with the sun in your eyes. Use your car's sun visors to block the sun. If you experience sunstrike, it may be best to pull over and wait for a few minutes until your eyes adjust or visibility improves.

Be careful if snow has fallen and the sky is clear sunlight shining on snow can cause 'snow blindness', which produces similar effects to sunstrike. Road surface There are three main types of surface used on New Zealand's roads and highways: You may need to adjust your driving to suit the particular surface you are driving on and how each type of surface can affect your vehicle's handling.

You should also be alert for changes in the road surface. Asphalt Asphalt has a smooth, black appearance and produces a low level of road noise when you drive over it.

It's often used on busy roads and curves because it stands up well to wear caused by braking vehicles. Asphalt provides good overall grip, but has reduced skid resistance when it is wet. This means you should slow down and take extra care when driving on asphalt in wet weather.

Chip-seal Chip-seal consists of a thin layer of stones set in tar. It has a rough appearance when in good condition, but may wear smooth with age and frequent use. Worn chip-seal has reduced skid resistance, so be alert for smooth patches as you drive. Slow down on newly laid chip-seal. There may be patches of loose chips, which can increase your risk of skidding. Loose chips can also be thrown up when vehicles drive over them and could break your windscreen.

Unsealed surfaces Depending on the geographic area unsealed roads can be clay, pumice or gravel sometimes called loose metal. These roads tend to be minor roads in rural areas. Because the surface of the road is loose, it can move under your wheels and offers very low skid resistance.

Loose stones may also be thrown up by vehicles. Because of this, you need to drive very carefully on gravel roads. Adjust your speed to suit the conditions. You will also need to take extra care in dry weather, as your visibility may be reduced by dust that will be thrown up by any vehicles in front of you. Always increase your following distance to stay back from the dust cloud. Hazards and emergencies Dealing with hazards As a driver, you will constantly face hazards on the road.

A hazard is any object or situation that could be dangerous.

Hazards include: To deal with hazards safely, you should get into the habit of using the hazard action plan and system of car control described in this section. The hazard action plan When you're driving you should always be: For example, if there are children playing near the kerb.

They may run out after a ball or after each other. Using the system of vehicle control, choose a. The system of car control This system is a safe and simple method of driving that will help you deal with hazards safely. It ensures you are always positioned in the right place on the road, and travelling at the right speed and in the right gear. Use this system when you approach any type of hazard. Multiple hazards It is rare to come across only one hazard at a time when driving.

Most of the time you will have to deal with several hazards at once. This means you will need to stay aware of all the hazards, but give most attention to the hazard that is most likely to develop into a dangerous situation and require you to take urgent action.

Using the system of vehicle control, choose a course as far away from the children as possible while still keeping on your side of the road , check the mirror, use the brakes and slow down. Identifying the main hazard The following illustrations show scenes involving multiple hazards for the driver of the blue car. Remember, the main hazard is the one that is most likely to require you to take urgent action. Hazard A is the main hazard. The cyclist is about to pull out around the parked car and move into the path of the blue car.

Hazard B is the main hazard. This car is reversing out of a parking space and about to enter the path of the blue car. The child's attention is focused on the adult on the other side of the road. Remember, the child may try to cross the road without looking. Safe driving tips Extend your vision One of the most important things you can do to be a safer driver is to look well ahead of you when you're driving, so you can pick up potentially dangerous situations before it's too late.

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The earlier you spot a potential hazard, the more time you will have to take evasive action. Rather than looking only as far as the vehicle in front of you when driving, you should actually be scanning the road in front to a distance of at least 12 seconds ahead of where your car is that is, the place you will be after driving for 12 seconds.

Keep your eyes moving Many people only look ahead of them when driving. This means they're not getting the full picture of what's happening on the road. As well as looking ahead, you should also use your mirrors to look to the sides and behind often enough to be aware of surrounding traffic. Moving your eyes regularly and concentrating on what's going on around you will also help you to stay alert on long journeys. Create a safety cushion You should create a 'cushion' of safety around your whole vehicle by making sure there is a safe distance in all directions between you, other vehicles and potential hazards.

This will give you and other road users more time and space to avoid any hazards.

Create a cushion of safety ahead of you by maintaining a safe following distance. Use the two-second rule or thefour-second rule when appropriate. Create a cushion of safety behind you by maintaining a safe distance between you and any following vehicles. If a vehicle is following you too closely, slow down, move over and let it pass as soon as you can do so safely. Create a safety cushion to your sides by keeping a safe distance from any hazards on your sides, such as driveways, parked vehicles, cyclists or children playing on the footpath.

Important The cheapest insurance you can have is space around your vehicle. The more space you have the safer you will be. Don't get distracted It's easy to get distracted when you're driving. Things like music, talking passengers, passing scenery and roadside advertising can all divert your attention from your driving and the road.

You must learn to ignore distractions and concentrate on your driving when you're behind the wheel. If, for any reason, you must look away from the road, follow the pointers below: Check well ahead and behind for any potential hazards.

Don't look away if you can see potential hazards. Remember if you do look away from the road make sure you don't go off course. Never take your eyes off the road for longer that is absolutely necessary. Identify escape routes Following the tips above will help you avoid many potentially dangerous crashes. However, despite all your best efforts, there may still be occasions when you find yourself on a direct collision course with another vehicle or other hazard.

For this reason, it is wise to identify possible escape routes all the time while you're driving. That way, if you find yourself in danger of a crash, you'll be ready to take quick evasive action.

Most escape routes will be to your left, so take note of what's on the left-hand side of the road as you drive. Ask yourself questions like:.

If there are no safe escape routes, reduce your speed and increase your following distance so you can stop in plenty of time if a crash situation develops. Furthering your driver education As a driver, you never stop learning. You should always be looking for ways to improve your safe driving skills.

Practice, combined with the right attitude, will help you refine your skills, but there are also courses you can take to help you become a safer driver. For information on advanced driver education courses in your area, visit Advanced driving skills courses or call our contact centre on Tips for handling driving emergencies Sometimes, no matter how carefully you drive, you may still find yourself in an emergency situation.

This section describes how to handle emergencies if they develop. Skids Skids don't happen without reason.

They are usually caused by: Different kinds of skids require you to take different corrective action. You should know what to do if your car goes into a skid. Front-wheel skid understeer In a front-wheel skid, the vehicle goes in a straight line instead of following the direction your front wheels are turned in. In this kind of skid you shouldn't brake. You should: Rear-wheel skid oversteer In a rear-wheel skid, the rear of the vehicle swings out. Tyre blowouts Tyre blowouts can be dangerous, especially if you are driving fast, because they can cause your vehicle to lose control.

A front-tyre blowout will usually cause the vehicle to 'pull' towards the side with the blowout. A rear-tyre blowout will usually cause the vehicle to sway from side to side. You can try to avoid having a blowout by checking your tyres regularly. It's important to have correct tyre pressure. If a tyre has a large cut or bulge, or is very worn, it needs to be replaced.

If you do have a blowout while driving, you should: Engine failure If your engine cuts out suddenly while driving, you must try to get the vehicle to the side of the road as quickly and safely as possible. If your vehicle has power steering, it will be difficult to steer once the engine is dead. Try not to be alarmed by the reduced control. Grip the wheel tightly and steer as best as you can.

Jammed accelerator An instinctive response of many drivers to a jammed accelerator is to turn the engine off. This isn't a good idea, particularly if your vehicle has power steering and braking, as this will make it much harder to steer and the brakes will be less effective. Shattered windscreen Shattered windscreens are becoming less common these days because modern vehicles are fitted with laminated windscreens, which crack but don't shatter.

Stone chips can turn into cracks which weaken the screen. Always repair chips before they turn into cracks. If you are driving an older model vehicle and your windscreen shatters, you should: If you have been concentrating on the road ahead by using the 'second rule' you should have a good mental picture of the road, which will help you steer avoid pushing a hole in the shattered glass unless absolutely necessary. You will probably cut your hand and pieces of broken glass will be blown into your eyes pull over and stop as soon as possible once you have stopped, punch out the shattered glass using a jack or another tool.

If no tools are available, wrap your hand in thick cloth such as a jersey or towel and carefully knock out the glass drive at a reduced speed to the nearest windscreen repairer.

Vehicle fire If you think your vehicle is on fire, you will need to act immediately. Don't try to put out the fire yourself, as you could inhale toxic fumes and there is also a danger the vehicle could explode.

Earthquake In a severe earthquake driving can be very difficult because the road may be shaking or moving up and down beneath you. If you think that an earthquake is happening while you're driving, you should: Your vehicle will provide you with some protection against falling objects. After the earthquake: Submerged vehicle New Zealand has a high number of coastal and riverside roads and sometimes vehicles can end up underwater. Knowing what to do if you're ever in this situation can mean the difference between life and death.

If possible, get out of the vehicle while it's still afloat. It will normally sink within a matter of minutes.

Escape by winding down the window. The weight of water against doors will usually make them too hard to open. Once submerged, water will gradually seep into the vehicle. Escape through the windows. If this isn't possible, wait until the vehicle is filled almost to head height with water.

The doors will be easier to open then as the pressure inside the vehicle will be almost the same as it is outside. Before leaving the vehicle, turn the lights on so rescuers can find it more easily. Form a human chain with any other passengers as you leave the vehicle. This will make sure you all stay together. Bonnet flying up You can try to avoid having your bonnet fly up by: If the bonnet flies up while you are driving you should: Brake failure If your vehicle's brakes fail, it will be an alarming experience.

You can try to avoid this happening by checking your brakes regularly. Always replace worn brake pads immediately and top up the brake fluid levels whenever necessary. If your brakes do fail while driving: Headlight failure It's uncommon for both headlights to fail while you are driving, but it can happen. If your headlights do fail while you're driving, you should: Avoiding a head-on crash A head-on crash is probably the most dangerous type of crash you can be involved in.

This is because when two vehicles collide head-on the force of the impact is usually twice as much as it is when a vehicle hits a non-moving object.

If you find yourself heading towards a head-on crash, there are some things you can do to try and avoid the crash or limit its damage: Brake hard. Every kilometre of speed that you slow down by will lessen the impact of a crash if it happens. Flash your headlights and blow your horn to attract the attention of the other driver.

Look for an escape route to your left, even if it means driving off the road. A roll-over accident is likely to be less dangerous than a head-on crash. Don't swerve to your right.

The other driver is mostly likely to respond by swerving to their left and you would be likely to crash into each other. About limits This section introduces you limits that you need to know about when driving: Speed limits Alcohol and drugs limits Driver fatigue. Speed limits Excessive speed is one of the biggest killers on our roads.

On average, people die every year in New Zealand in speed-related crashes. Remember, the faster you go, the more likely you are to be killed or seriously injured if you crash.

Safe speed guidelines You can drive at any speed under or equal to the limit, provided: Slow drivers If you are travelling slower than the speed limit and there are vehicles following you, you must: Compulsory speed signs A speed limit is the maximum legal speed that you can travel on the road under good conditions. Signs showing the speed limit are displayed beside the road. These signs usually have a red border, which means that the sign is compulsory. You may drive slower than the speed limit shown, but you must be considerate towards any vehicles behind you.

You must drive slower than the limit if: Temporary speed-limit signs are usually put up when there is work being done on or near the road. Important Speed limit changes take effect at the sign post. Before reaching the speed-limit sign make sure you:. When following other vehicles, remember that some vehicles have lower speed limits and you may have to adjust your speed.

Learn the NZ Road Code

Some vehicles have a lower maximum speed limit, such as light vehicles towing trailers. Vehicle type Maximum open road speed limit. Heavy vehicles constructed without springs or other forms of suspension, between its road wheels and its chassis. Other signs that mean you must adjust your speed Accident sign The signs below mean that you are coming up to a crash site. School bus signs The signs below will be displayed on school buses. This will apply within metres of the boundaries on each side of the school.

School zones Some schools display signs that are turned on before and after school and other times such as lunch time. Examples are shown below. This sign will be displayed at the start of the school zone. Curve warning signs The signs below warn you that you are coming up to a tight curve or bend in the road. The arrows show which direction the curve goes. Variable speed limit signs Variable speed signs are used to manage traffic congestion.

You need to adjust your speed accordingly. Alcohol and drugs limits Alcohol and drugs, including some drugs given to you by a doctor, can seriously affect your driving. They can slow your reaction times and affect your senses. You risk causing death and serious injury to yourself and other people if you drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Legal alcohol limits for driving The law says you must not drive if the amount of alcohol in your blood or breath exceeds certain age-related limits.

These limits are shown below. Under twenty There is a zero alcohol limit if you are under That means if you drive after consuming even one drink you can be charged with drink driving. If you have an alcohol level of less than micrograms per litre of breath and less than 30 milligrams per millilitres of blood you could be fined and given 50 demerit points. If your alcohol limit is higher, you could be disqualified from driving, given 50 demerit points and either fined or imprisoned. Twenty or over You must not drive if you have consumed more than the legal alcohol limit, which is micrograms per litre of breath or 80 milligrams per millilitres of blood.

It is difficult to say how many alcoholic drinks you can have before you reach these limits. It depends on many factors, including: Because of this, and because even small amounts of alcohol can affect your driving, the best advice is: If you've been drinking, call a taxi, take a bus or get someone who hasn't been drinking, such as a friend or 'dial-a-driver', to drive you home. Drugs and driving The law also says you must not drive if you have taken any type of drug that may affect your driving ability.

If you are prescribed drugs by a doctor, always ask if they will have any effect on your driving. Testing for alcohol and drugs You can be stopped by the police and breath-tested at any time.

The police can use the following tests to see if you have been drinking or taking drugs. Passive breath test The police officer will place a hand-held device in front of your mouth and ask you to talk into it. This will show if you have recently drunk any alcohol.

If any alcohol is detected, a breath screening test will be required. Breath screening test The police officer will give you a small electronic device, and will ask you to blow into it.

If your alcohol level is high, you will be asked to take an evidential breath test or have a blood test. Evidential breath test This is an electronic device you blow into, which gives a reading that can be used in court as evidence of your breathalcohol concentration. Blood test If you have a blood test, a medical doctor or other approved person will take a sample of your blood to be tested for alcohol or drugs.

Compulsory drug impairment test This includes an eye assessment, a walk and turn, and a one leg stand assessment. If you fail you may be forbidden to drive and required to have a blood test. When are the tests carried out? A police officer can ask you to take a passive breath test or breath screening test if: You must wait with the officer for the result of the test.

If the test shows you have been drinking, you must: If you don't, you may be arrested. A compulsory impairment test can be required if a police officer has good cause to suspect that you are impaired by a drug or drugs.

This could be because of your erratic driving, or if you have been stopped for another reason and appear to be under the influence of drugs. What are your rights? You may: The court will take the results of the blood test over the results of the evidential breath test talk to a lawyer if you wish to after a positive breath screening test and before an evidential breath or blood test a telephone will be made available to you for this purpose.

If your blood test shows you are over the legal limit, you will be given a copy of the blood test certificate. You may ask for your blood sample to be tested by an independent analyst. If you want this to happen, its important that you talk to a lawyer as soon as possible. What are the penalties? The following table shows some of the penalties for driving offences related to alcohol and drugs. Second and subsequent offences The court may impose a zero alcohol licence in addition to the penalties listed above.

First and subsequent offences The court may impose an alcohol interlock disqualification with an accompanying three months disqualification period as an alternative to the penalties listed below. You drive, or try to drive, after drinking too much or taking drugs and you are aged under 20 years. You are in charge of a vehicle after drinking too much or taking drugs and you do not hand over the keys when asked by a police officer.

Penalties for drug impaired driving or driving with class A drugs in the blood stream Offence Penalty. On-the-spot roadside licence suspension Your licence will be suspended on the spot if you refuse to have a blood test or if, following an evidential breath or blood test, you are found to have: Your licence will be suspended for 28 days and you will still have to face courtimposed penalties.

Repeat offences The penalties described above may be increased substantially for repeat offences. In addition, if you commit two alcohol-related offences within a five-year period and one of those offences involves: If you commit an alcohol-related offence and: Applying for removal of an indefinite disqualification You can apply for the removal of an alcohol-related indefinite disqualification if: The disqualification can only be ended by the NZTA. Once it has been ended, you will be unlicensed and must not drive again until you apply to have your licence reinstated and a new licence has been issued.

Before a new licence can be issued you will also need to sit and pass the relevant tests or complete approved courses. Driver fatigue Many fatal crashes are caused by people driving when they are tired. If you feel tired, don't drive. Don't risk your life or those of other road users. Tips to help you avoid driver fatigue Get a good night's sleep before driving, preferably eight hours.

Avoid driving during the hours when you are normally sleeping. For most people, this will be between 10pm and 6am. If you normally have a mid-afternoon nap, then you should avoid driving at that time.

Make sure that following a period of sleep you are fully awake before driving. Don't drink even small amounts of alcohol. It will make the effects of fatigue much worse. When taking long trips, plan your journey to include rest breaks. Share the driving if possible. Snack on light, fresh foods. Avoid consuming fatty, sugary or carbohydrate-filled foods, which can make you tired. Recognise the warning signs Some warning signs are: Stop to revive, then drive During long trips, take rest breaks about every two hours or every kilometres.

If you start feeling sleepy: A short sleep is very refreshing try not to nap for a period longer than 40 minutes otherwise you may feel groggy and disoriented when you wake up and for quite some time afterwards this is called sleep inertia wait at least 10 minutes to make sure that you are completely awake before you start driving again.

If you still feel sleepy don't drive, find a place to sleep for an extended period or for the night. About driver responsibility Becoming a driver brings with it many responsibilities, which are explained in this section. Some are related to owning a motor vehicle, while others are the responsibility of all drivers. Registered person's responsibilities Responsible driving Safety belts and child restraints Crashes Stepping over the line Tips on driving sustainably.

Registered person's responsibilities If a motor vehicle is registered in your name, you are responsible for making sure that the following requirements are met. Warrant of fitness or certificate of fitness All vehicles driven on New Zealand roads must have a current warrant of fitness WoF or certificate of fitness CoF. Registration All vehicles driven on New Zealand roads must be registered. When you register a vehicle, it is added to the Motor Vehicles Register. Once a vehicle is registered, it is issued with registration plates and a current vehicle licence.

A certificate of registration is also sent to the person registered as the owner. Before a vehicle can be registered, it must have been given a vehicle identification number VIN and been approved for registration by an approved vehicle inspector.

Relicensing Relicensing is sometimes confused with registration. Relicensing is the payment of a fee to use a vehicle on the road. All vehicles used on the road must be relicensed regularly and must display a current licence label on the windscreen.

To get a vehicle licence, you must: You can also relicense online at nzta. A vehicle licence is valid for up to 12 months. Most vehicles must be licensed continuously. This means that the licence fees must be paid from the expiry date of the previous licence that is, if you renew your licence after the expiry date of the previous licence, the licence fees will be backdated and you must pay these. You can apply for an exemption from continuous licensing if you wont be using your vehicle for a period of three months or more.

An exemption means that when your licence expires, the licence fees wont be backdated next time you relicense your vehicle. An exemption does not mean that you can use your vehicle on the road without a current licence.

Talk to an NZTA agent for more information. If you don't: You will still have to pay any backdated licence fees and, if the vehicle is to be used on a road again, it must be re-registered with new plates and registration papers. Your vehicle may also need to be certified by an approved vehicle inspector.

This tax contributes towards the upkeep of New Zealand's roads. You'll be given a RUC licence label, which must be displayed on the inside of the windscreen. When buying or selling a vehicle that requires a RUC licence, the licence should be sold with the vehicle.

The new owner will become responsible for paying any outstanding charges if the vehicle is sold without a current RUC licence.

Buying a motor vehicle Before you purchase a vehicle, an NZTA agent can check to see whether it is registered and licensed, or has been reported stolen. It's a good idea to do this before you buy the vehicle, because once you have bought it: Once you've bought a motor vehicle, you need to notify the NZTA within seven days of the sale.

The seller may want to confirm that you've done this before they hand over the vehicle. You need to do the following: Obtain the vehicles Certificate of registration from the seller.

The form for changing who the vehicle is registered to is printed on the back of the certificate. Complete the Notice by person acquiring motor vehicle form and give it to an NZTA agent with the appropriate fee.

Show the agent your New Zealand driver licence as evidence of identification. If you don't have your driver licence, you'll need to show other identification that includes your full name, signature and date of birth.

Ask the agent to give you a transfer receipt. Take this to the seller when you pick up the vehicle it shows you have changed the vehicle's registration into your name. You can also complete this transaction online at nzta. A new Certificate of registration, showing the vehicle registered in your name, will be sent to you once you have completed the Notice by person acquiring motor vehicle form MR13B.

Although commonly referred to as ownership, the Certificate of registration isnt legal title for the vehicle it is simply a record of who is responsible for the vehicle. Complete the bottom, tear-off portion of your Certificate of registration with the new owner's details and post it to the Transport Registry Centre, Private Bag, Palmerston North no stamp required.

Give the remaining portion of the Certificate of registration to the buyer so they can notify their part of the change of ownership. Make sure you and the new owner complete change of ownership forms within seven days of the sale.

If you don't, you could be liable for the new owner's speed camera tickets, licensing fees and any fines they may receive for not displaying a current WoF or a current licence.

Ask them to show you one of the following documents as evidence they've changed the vehicle into their name: If you sell your car through a registered motor vehicle trader they should notify the change of ownership for you, but it is wise to check that they have done this. Call the motor vehicle registration contact centre on if you have any questions about:.

Responsible driving Responsible driving means driving with the safety and convenience of all road users in mind. Following the information in this section will help you to become a safe and responsible road user. Important driver responsibilities Operation of a vehicle A driver must not operate a vehicle in a condition or manner that could cause: Unsafe vehicle or load You must not drive: Dangerous riding You must not ride in or on a vehicle in a way that might result in injury.

If you are the driver you must not let your passengers ride in or on the vehicle in an unsafe way. Carrying people or packages Holding a package, person or animal in your lap or arms when driving is dangerous. Ideally, put packages in a secure place such as the boot. If this isn't possible, put them in a place inside the vehicle where they won't hurt anyone if the vehicle stops suddenly.

Children and pets can be noisy or need your help when you are driving. If you have to deal with the needs of children or pets, pull over to the side of the road and park your vehicle first. Lighting A driver or passenger must not use any vehicle lighting equipment in a way that will dazzle, confuse or distract other road users.

Make sure your vehicle's exhaust system and silencer are in good working order. This will prevent gases and excessive noise entering the car.

Making the wheels of a motor vehicle lose traction and spin on the road surface may make unnecessary noise or smoke and could be a traffic offence. Using the horn The horn should only be used as a reasonable traffic warning. It should not make an unnecessary or unreasonably loud, harsh or shrill noise.

Opening and closing doors You must not open or close the door of a motor vehicle if it is likely to: Music Don't play music in your car so loudly that you can't hear: Uphill and downhill traffic On steep, narrow roads, it is easier for vehicles moving downhill to give way to vehicles moving uphill.

If you are driving in a funeral procession, you should drive with your vehicle's headlights on dip. That way, other drivers will know you are part of the procession. Animals on the road Farmers often use country roads to move stock between paddocks. If there are animals on the road: Broken glass and other debris on the road You are responsible for removing the following things if they fall or escape from your vehicle onto the road: Any slippery substance. Any piercing or dangerous substance.

Any other substance of any kind that, because of its size or nature, could be a danger to road users. If the substance or glass can be removed quickly and safely, you must immediately remove it or ensure it is removed.

If the substance or glass cannot be removed quickly and safely, and there is likelihood of harm being caused to the public or any person, you must warn the public or report the occurrence immediately to the nearest police station or to a member of the police. If you are physically incapacitated and unable to remove the substance or glass or warn the public or report the occurrence, the person removing the vehicle from the scene must do those things as required.

Firearms guns You must not carry a firearm in your vehicle unless you hold a firearm licence. You must never carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle.

This also means you must not carry ammunition in the chamber or attached magazine of the gun. Space-saver wheels Some cars have a space-saver wheel as the spare wheel. Space-saver wheels are much smaller than the vehicle's other wheels so they take up less storage room.

Space-saver wheels are for emergency use only and are not designed to be used over long distances. If you get a flat tyre and replace a wheel with a space-saver wheel, you should only use it to get directly home or to a place where the flat tyre can be repaired or replaced. The vehicle is likely to handle differently with a space-saver wheel. If the space-saver wheel has a sticker showing a lower speed, then that speed applies.

Space-saver wheels must have a safety label that states that the tyre is for temporary use only, what the maximum safe speed is for the tyre and what the correct pressure is. Make sure you read and follow the label. This is much higher than normal tyre pressure. Cellphones While you are driving, you cannot create, send, or read a text message on a cellphone or use a hand-held cellphone to make or receive a phone call.

This includes accessing online services in any way. You can, however, use your cellphone to make, receive or terminate a telephone call while driving if the phone is secured in a mounting fixed to the vehicle and you manipulate the phone infrequently and briefly.

Driver distractions Anything that takes a driver's attention away from the road can be a potential hazard. You should avoid or minimise the following distractions when you are driving: Work time and logbook requirements If you are driving a taxi or if your vehicle weighs more than kg for example, a truck , you may be subject to restrictions on how long you can.

You may also need to keep a logbook of your work time. Safety belts and child restraints Safety belts and child restraints protect people by holding them in their seats when there is a crash or when the vehicle stops suddenly. If you dont wear a safety belt and youre involved in a crash, you could be thrown out of your vehicle. Always remember to fasten your safety belt before you drive off.

See About your vehicle for more information about the legal requirements for safety belts in your vehicle.

Responsibility As the driver you are responsible for making sure passengers under the age of 15 are using an approved child restraint or safety belt. Children under five must be in an approved child restraint. Children aged between five and seven must use an approved child restraint or wear a safety belt. Children aged between eight and 14 must wear a safety belt. The safety belt must be worn correctly and kept securely fastened while the vehicle is in motion on the road. Passengers 15 years and over are responsible for making sure that they wear their own safety belts correctly and that they keep them fastened while the vehicle is in motion.

Bus drivers in vehicles with passenger safety belts are not responsible for ensuring passengers wear them except passengers under the age of 15 sitting in a front seat alongside the driver. How to wear a safety belt Most safety belts are retractable. This means they stretch automatically to the correct length when you fasten them and lock only if the vehicle stops suddenly. If your vehicle has a non-retractable safety belt, you will need to adjust its length before you fasten it.

There should be just enough room to slide the palm of your hand between the belt and your chest. Never put an adult and a child together in the same safety belt. Special exemptions You dont have to wear a safety belt if you: Child restraints Under fives Children under five years old must be properly restrained in an approved child restraint.

The only exception to this rule is when the children are travelling in a taxi that doesnt have an approved child restraint. In this case, the children must sit in the back seat.

Five to seven year olds Children aged between five and seven years old must use a child restraint if available. If no child restraint is available, they must use a safety belt. If no safety belt is available, they must sit in the back seat. For more information about child restraints, visit Using child restraints safely on our website.

Crashes Unfortunately, crashes do happen on our roads. As a responsible driver, you need to know the signs that show you are coming up to the scene of a crash and what your responsibilities are if you're involved in a crash or if you come across a crash. Crash warning signs At a crash site the police may use signs, flashing lights and flares to warn approaching drivers. When coming up to a crash site, slow down and drive carefully.

The road may be blocked and there could be injured people lying on it. The sign shown above is placed by police near a crash site. Watch out for emergency workers and injured people.

Learning to drive?

The triangle shown above is a warning triangle. It means there is a breakdown or crash ahead.

Anyone can put a warning triangle on the side of the road to warn other road users. Reporting a crash If you are involved in a crash while driving, and you are not badly injured, the first thing you must do is stop and check to see if anyone is hurt, and provide assistance. If someone is hurt, you must tell a police officer as soon as possible and no later than 24 hours after the crash.

If no one is hurt, you must give your name, address and vehicle registration and, if asked, the name and address of the owner of the vehicle you are driving, if it isn't your vehicle as soon as possible but no later than 48 hours after the crash to: If you can't find these people, you must tell a police officer as soon as possible and no later than 60 hours after the crash.

If your vehicle is insured, tell your insurance company as soon as possible after the crash. Tips for dealing with crashes If you are first on the scene of a crash, your actions could help save the lives of the people involved in the crash and make it safer for other drivers coming upon the crash scene.

Here are some things you can do to help make the crash scene safer: Park your car in a safe spot, away from the crash area. Leave plenty of space for emergency vehicles to come and go, and for emergency workers to work in.

Switch on your car's hazard warning lights. If possible, post other people or warning triangles on all approaches to the crash site to warn oncoming drivers. The people or triangles should be about metres from the crash site to give approaching drivers time to slow down.

If people are injured, call an ambulance as soon as possible. Following a crash, some airbags may not be deployed. If you need to enter a crashed vehicle, don't place yourself between any undeployed airbag and injured or trapped person.

If it is safe to do so, turn off the ignition of all vehicles involved in the crash. If any vehicle involved in the crash has a dangerous goods placard, follow the instructions below on crashes involvingdangerous goods.

If people have been injured in the crash, you should call an ambulance as soon as you can.

Before the ambulance comes, there are some things you may be able to do to help them and some things you should be aware of, which are outlined in this section. Important Dial for emergency services. Basic first aid Ideally, you should enrol in a recognised first aid course so you can learn techniques such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation under proper supervision. This will make you more confident and more capable of using first aid if you have to. Try not to move injured people If a victim has spinal injuries, moving them may only worsen their injuries.

You should never move a crash victim unless it is absolutely necessary. The only instances where you should move someone before medical help arrives are when: Stopping severe bleeding If the patient is bleeding badly, you should try to stop or reduce the bleeding.

Raise the part of the body that is bleeding. This will take some of the blood away from the wound. Apply pressure to the wound, preferably with thick, folded fabric, such as a towel or an item of clothing. Crashes involving dangerous goods If you come across a crash involving a vehicle that is carrying dangerous goods, you will need to be extremely careful.

Never make a rescue attempt unless you are sure you are not endangering yourself by coming into contact with dangerous substances.

Most vehicles carrying dangerous goods display a placard that indicates the type of goods being carried. Some of the most common placards are shown below. You should familiarise yourself with these placards and what they mean. Remember, if you're at a crash site and you're in any doubt about the meaning of a placard, keep your distance especially if there's been a spillage.

Poisonous fumes may be given off by a dangerous substance. Make a careful note of the colour and symbol on the placard and give this information to the emergency services when phoning to report a crash and when they arrive at the crash site. Keep bystanders well away from the crash scene and upwind of poisonous fumes.

Stepping over the line Traffic laws are made to protect and ensure the safety of all road users. This section describes the penalties that you can face if you commit driving offences. Demerit points Demerit points are given for some traffic offences and for speeding infringements except those recorded by a speed camera. If you get a total of or more demerit points within any two-year period, you will be suspended from driving for three months.

If you incur 50 or more demerit points, you will be sent a letter to warn you that your licence is in danger of being suspended.

Driving tests

If you are disqualified from driving for less than six months by the court, you may have demerit points added to any previous demerit points on your record. If you are suspended or disqualified by the court for six months or more, any previously recorded demerit points will be cleared from your record. Demerit points will also be cancelled if you have not offended for two years. If you are suspended for excess demerit points, you will be served with a suspension notice.

Your suspension is effective from when you are personally served with the suspension notice and you must surrender your driver licence to the person giving you the notice. Your driver licence card will be permanently cancelled as a result of the suspension. When your suspension has ended you will remain unlicensed. You are not entitled to drive until you apply at a NZTA licensing agent to have your licence reinstated and a new licence has been issued.

Some of the offences that incur demerit points are listed below. General description of offence Demerit points. Using equipment in a motor vehicle that interferes with the operation of a speed measuring device.

Possessing equipment in a motor vehicle that is designed to interfere with the operation of a speed measuring device. Driving a motor vehicle contrary to the GDLS conditions of your driver licence excluding the requirement to display L plates. Operating an unregistered motor vehicle by driving or using it on a road in contravention of section 1 of the Land Transport Act Operating an unlicensed motor vehicle by driving or using it on a road in contravention of section 1 of the Land Transport Act Operating a motor vehicle displaying an object or design likely to be mistaken for plates or licence authorised for that motor vehicle.

Operating a motor vehicle with plates or licence that is wholly or partially obscured or not easily distinguishable. Failing to operate a motor vehicle with an exhaust system that complies with relevant noise output standards. Person younger than 20 driving or attempting to drive with excessive breath alcohol or blood alcohol concentration.

Failing or refusing to wait for the result of a breath screening test or an evidential breath test. Failing to stop on request or signal of an enforcement officer, or on being followed by motor vehicle displaying flashing blue, or blue and red, lights or sounding a siren. Holding an interlock licence or zero alcohol licence and contravening the zero breath or blood alcohol level.

A driver or contractor working within an alternative fatigue management scheme failing to keep records. Taxi driver accepting hire in specified area without an in-vehicle security camera system that is operating. Taxi driver accepting hire in specified area with an in-vehicle security camera system that has an unobscured view of the interior. Driving or riding all-terrain vehicle, motorcycle, or moped without a securely fastened approved helmet.

Driving etc, a cycle, vehicle, or animal across level crossing when there is a risk of collision with rail vehicle. Careless, reckless and dangerous driving The courts deal very seriously with drivers who drive carelessly, recklessly or dangerously. Severe penalties can be imposed if you are convicted of one of these offences. The penalties will be especially severe if you hurt or kill someone, whether or not you have taken alcohol or drugs. Penalties may include: Not wearing a safety belt You can be fined if you are aged 15 or over and you drive or ride in a vehicle without wearing a safety belt, or if you do not wear your safety belt correctly.

Mandatory suspension of driver licence Your licence will be suspended on the spot if: Your licence will be suspended for 28 days and you will also have to face courtimposed penalties for your offence. Impounding vehicles A police officer will impound your vehicle on the spot if you are caught: Powers of arrest Some of the powers of arrest that a police officer has are listed below.

As a driver or passenger, you could be arrested if you: Tips on driving sustainably By following the tips in this section, you can use less fuel and reduce the amount of emissions CO2 and other pollutants your vehicle produces. Drive to save fuel and reduce emissions Driving efficiently can reduce the amount of fuel your vehicle uses and the pollution it emits.

Keep your vehicle maintained Basic maintenance will cut down the fuel your vehicle uses as well as reducing pollutants produced. Make sure your vehicle is well-tuned and the tyres are correctly inflated. Roof racks and poorly placed spoilers increase air resistance and fuel consumption.

When buying a vehicle Try to choose a model that uses less fuel and emits fewer greenhouse gases. Visit www.If you need to re-sit a test you will need to pay another test fee, but you won't be charged another application fee. Main types of signs Vehicle-mounted signs. InfoPages News Channels.

When stopping the engine: You'll need to go to a driver licensing agent to: fill out an application form you'll be asked if you want your licence to identify you as an organ donor; see below for more information present evidence of your identity present evidence of your address book a time to take the theory test pay for the theory test and the learner licence application meet the eyesight requirements present a medical certificate if required provide a signature have your photograph taken.

The other driver is mostly likely to respond by swerving to their left and you would be likely to crash into each other. If you have an alcohol level of less than micrograms per litre of breath and less than 30 milligrams per millilitres of blood you could be fined and given 50 demerit points.

You are waiting to turn left. This means you will sometimes come across heavy vehicles, machinery and workers on the road, which you must be careful around. At the end of the test, the testing officer will tell you whether or not you have passed the test.

BREANNA from Pittsburgh
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